Interpolation
Interpolation is one of the most used functionalities in I18N. It allows integrating dynamic values into your translations.
Per default, interpolation values get escaped to mitigate XSS attacks.
If the interpolation functionality provided doesn't suit you, you can use i18next-sprintf-postProcessor for sprintf supported interpolation.

Basic

Interpolation is one of the most used functionalities in I18N.
Keys
Keys, by default, are strings surrounded by curly brackets:
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{
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"key": "{{what}} is {{how}}"
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}
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Sample
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i18next.t('key', { what: 'i18next', how: 'great' });
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// -> "i18next is great"
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Working with data models

You can also pass entire data models as a value for interpolation.
Keys
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{
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"key": "I am {{author.name}}"
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}
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Sample
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const author = {
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name: 'Jan',
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github: 'jamuhl'
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};
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i18next.t('key', { author });
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// -> "I am Jan"
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Unescape

Per default, the values get escaped to mitigate XSS attacks. You can toggle escaping off, by either putting - before the key, or set the escapeValue option to false when requesting a translation.
Keys
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{
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"keyEscaped": "no danger {{myVar}}",
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"keyUnescaped": "dangerous {{- myVar}}"
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}
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Sample
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i18next.t('keyEscaped', { myVar: '<img />' });
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// -> "no danger &lt;img &#x2F;&gt;"
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i18next.t('keyUnescaped', { myVar: '<img />' });
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// -> "dangerous <img />"
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i18next.t('keyEscaped', { myVar: '<img />', interpolation: { escapeValue: false } });
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// -> "no danger <img />" (obviously could be dangerous)
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Warning: If you toggle escaping off, escape any user input yourself!

Additional options

Prefix/Suffix for interpolation and other options can be overridden in the init options or by passing additional options to the t function:
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i18next.init({
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interpolation: { ... }
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});
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i18next.t('key', {
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interpolation: { ... }
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});
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option
default
description
escape
function
escape function function escape(str) { return str; }
escapeValue
true
escapes passed in values to avoid XSS injection
useRawValueToEscape
false
If true, then value passed into escape function is not casted to string, use with custom escape function that does its own type-checking
prefix
"{{"
prefix for interpolation
suffix
"}}"
suffix for interpolation
While there are a lot of options going with the defaults should get you covered.

All interpolation options

option
default
description
format
noop function
format function, read formatting for details
formatSeparator
","
used to separate format from interpolation value
escape
function
escape function function escape(str) { return str; }
escapeValue
true
escape passed in values to avoid XSS injection
useRawValueToEscape
false
If true, then value passed into escape function is not casted to string, use with custom escape function that does its own type-checking
prefix
"{{"
prefix for interpolation
suffix
"}}"
suffix for interpolation
prefixEscaped
undefined
escaped prefix for interpolation (regexSafe)
suffixEscaped
undefined
escaped suffix for interpolation (regexSafe)
unescapeSuffix
undefined
suffix to unescaped mode
unescapePrefix
"-"
prefix to unescaped mode
nestingPrefix
"$t("
prefix for nesting
nestingSuffix
")"
suffix for nesting
nestingPrefixEscaped
undefined
escaped prefix for nesting (regexSafe)
nestingSuffixEscaped
undefined
escaped suffix for nesting (regexSafe)
nestingOptionsSeparator
","
separates the options from nesting key
defaultVariables
undefined
global variables to use in interpolation replacements defaultVariables: { key: "value" }
maxReplaces
1000
after how many interpolation runs to break out before throwing a stack overflow
skipOnVariables
true
(was false for <v21.0.0)
Will skip to interpolate the variables, example:
t('key', { a: '$t(nested)' })
this will not resolve the nested key and will use$t(nested) as the variable value. Another example:
t('key', { a: '{{otherVar}}': otherVar: 'another value' })
this will not resolve the otherVar variable and will use{{otherVar}}as the variable value.
If your interpolation variables are user provided or loaded from an external source, we strongly suggest to keep this option to true.
If you know what you're doing, you can also set this to false.
Last modified 1mo ago